Within the world of manufacturing parts and products, there are materials that have marked a before and after in modern industry, either because of their characteristics and properties, particular uses or simply because of their durability and ease of obtaining. A clear example of this would be alloys in the case of metallic materials or composite materials that involve ceramic bases.
In polymers we also find important materials. Regardless of whether they are organic or synthetic polymers, in the manufacture of parts they play a fundamental role thanks to their ease of obtaining, processing and machining mainly. A fairly popular group of polymers, which we have already talked about earlier in this blog, is the group of polyamides. In this group, nylon is important and striking.
In this post, you will learn a little more about Nylon. What type of material is it, what are its main characteristics and most common uses beyond the manufacture of textiles and fishing ropes. Let’s start by defining nylon as a material:
Nylon or nylon is a type of synthetic polymeric material belonging to the group of polyamides which is produced by polycondensation, which is a polymerization process that, through the reaction of the substances involved in said process, promotes the generation of this type of material. This material is mainly known as a textile fiber, since in its beginnings it was used for this type of application.
The DuPont company was initially in charge of marketing and expanding the use of this material starting in 1938. Although it was initially used as a base material for the generation of textile fibers, nylon soon began to be used as a molded material. in the manufacture of parts of all kinds used in machines and architectural or decorative elements. This material, unlike other types of polymers, does not owe its name to any technicality and it is still under debate what the name nylon refers to (being an accepted theory that NY refers to New York and Lon to London).
The main characteristics of nylon cover its field of application, either as a fiber or as a solid molded element. The material does not drastically change or noticeably lose its properties when it changes form or use. Among the most important characteristics at a general level we have the following:
– It is a material that has a high tensile strength. In the case of fibers, during its manufacture, nylon is subjected to various mechanical processes that increase its resistance and make it a strong and at the same time light material, like most polymers.
– It has good chemical resistance to various compounds such as alcohols and aromatic hydrocarbons and at the same time does not present any type of wear or phenomenon similar to contact with water.
– With regard to mechanical resistance and rigidity, nylon can be mixed with fiberglass, which increases these properties in the composite material obtained.
The uses of nylon vary depending on its field of application. As we said before, it is widely used in the textile section and in the manufacture of solid parts. In more detail, nylon is used in:
– Widely used as a textile fiber, which allows the creation of resistant and light fabrics used in all types of industry.
– In fishing it is used as a material for the manufacture of lines, which are resistant and easy to use.
– Indispensable in the manufacture of parts for machinery, whether industrial or for commercial or domestic use such as vehicles and household appliances.
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