When we talk about surface protection, we generally think of coatings or layers of special materials that serve as elements of protection for said surfaces in contact with external agents. An external agent can be another material, a chemical product, the rain, the sun, among others. In short, everything that is not specific to the material and that may affect it counts as an external agent.
The evolution of the study of materials and the technological advances that we have experienced up to the present, have been a fundamental part in the development of these layers of protection. Every day the protective layer applied to a product is sought to be more uniform and as impermeable and safe as physically possible. At this point, nanotechnology plays a fundamental role.
Nanotechnology is not a thing of the future, but of the present. Currently, there are many products for cleaning and protecting surfaces that at the nanometric level clean and cover possible leaks or gaps in the faces of a material. In this post we are going to explain everything you need to know about nanotechnology. Its definition, importance and uses in surface protection products. So to get started, let’s answer the following question: What is nanotechnology?
The study of materials and virtually any established or empirical science requires the use of units of measurement. Since man was aware of the environment that surrounds him, he has been given the task of measuring everything. This task was initially fundamental in the first human developments. But over time, accuracy and precision have required ever smaller units of measure. Technological progress has put aside the use of macro units such as meters, centimeters and even millimeters and has gone to the atomic level.
Nanotechnology refers to the study and generation of materials and any type of technological development at the nanometric level. That’s where its name comes from. A nanometer is a small unit of measurement that places measurements at near atomic levels. To give some context, in 1 millimeter, there are 1 million nanometers.
Let’s see the characteristics of nanotechnology below to better understand the scope it has in today’s industry:
– The main characteristic and for which it bears its name, is its nanometric scale in which it works (from 1 to 100 nm). We are talking about sizes smaller than those of a human hair.
– It is used in biological and inorganic procedures. There are virtually no limitations when it comes to working at the nanometer scale. Modifications or changes that you want to make to a material are possible as long as the material itself admits them.
– Allows the control of atoms and molecular structures. With nanotechnology, the molecular structures on a surface or material can be “reordered” in a certain way, without modifying the material itself. It is important to clarify that this is not at the quantum level, since the dimensions and laws in that field of physics are different from nanometric dimensions.
– It is compatible with a large number of sciences such as medicine, chemistry, biology, among others. As we said at the beginning, the nanometric scale is present everywhere, regardless of the material or object of study.
– Gives materials new properties, which they did not have by default in nature. The modification of the surface of a material at the nanometric level opens the way to new optical, electronic and magnetic behaviors, among others.
– It is a fundamental axis in the creation of all electronic devices today. The nanometer scale allows creating new configurations in materials and covering existing deficiencies. This makes it possible to make powerful and reliable pieces of technology in confined spaces. Therefore, it offers the possibility of creating new devices and systems that cannot be realized with current pre-nanotechnology.
– Together with nanoscience, which is the study of physical and chemical phenomena on a nanometric scale, it represents a tool with great possibilities and advantages in all imaginable fields of application.
Now that you know what nanotechnology is, let’s talk about its use in the products used to clean and protect surfaces:
– The dirt that settles on the surfaces of the materials rarely disappears completely with the classic cleaning of soap and water. At the macroscopic level, the cleaning carried out is noticeable, but at the micro and nano level, things change. In these cases, it is important to reach those small spaces where these dirt residues are housed and remove it completely.
– In the case of surface protection against external agents, something similar happens. It is important that the coating, layer or material used as a protector does not allow the passage of contaminants at the micro and nano level. In this case, it is essential to evenly cover the surface and to be sure that the protective layer is durable and at the same time resistant.
For the above cases, nanotechnology serves to guarantee quality products suitable for the levels of cleaning and protection required. They are virtually impenetrable and at the same time they do not allow any trace of dirt or polluting agent to get in.
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